Music Guide #2 – The Key Of G Major

Chords In The Key Of G Major

What are the basic chords in the key of G major? Take a look at the basic triads and four note extended chords of this key.

Take a look at the G major scale. The notes of this scale are G A B C D E F#. Each chord is constructed with one of these notes as its root.

For this key and any other major key, each chord follows a pattern. This pattern is Major Minor Minor Major Major Minor Diminished.

The triad chords in the key of G major are G major, A minor, B minor, C major, D major, E minor, and F# diminished. When you add sevenths you end up with the four note chords, G major seventh, A minor seventh, B minor seventh, C major seventh, D dominant seventh, E minor seventh, and F# minor seventh flat five.

For the major chords, the numerals are capitalized, while the minor and diminished chords are all in lower case.

  • 1 – G major, G major seventh (Gmaj, Gmaj7)
  • 2 – A minor, A minor seventh (Am, Am7)
  • 3 – B minor, B minor seventh (Bm, Bm7)
  • 4 – C major, C major seventh (C, Cmaj 7)
  • 5 – D major, D dominant seventh (D, D7)
  • 6 – E minor, E minor seventh (Em, Em7)
  • 7 – F# diminished, F# minor seventh flat five (F#°, F#m7b5)

Piano Chords In The Key Of G Major

G major

G major (or the key of G) is a major scale based on G, with the pitches G, A, B, C, D, E, and F♯. Its key signature has one sharp, F♯. Its relative minor is E minor and its parallel minor is G minor.

Relative key: E minor

Parallel key: G minor

Dominant key: D major

Subdominant: C major

Component pitches

G, A, B, C, D, E, F♯

E minor

E minor is a minor scale based on E, consisting of the pitches E, F♯, G, A, B, C, and D. Its key signature has one sharp. Its relative major is G major and its parallel major is E major.

Relative key: G major

Parallel key: E major

Dominant key: B minor

Subdominant: A minor

Component pitches

E, F♯, G, A, B, C, D


_ _